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Romans 6:23 & meaning...


the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Romans 6:23


Romans 6 [19.] I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh, for as you presented your members as servants to uncleanness and to wickedness upon wickedness, even so now present your members as servants to righteousness for sanctification. For when you were servants of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness. What fruit then did you have at that time in the things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death. But now, being made free from sin, and having become servants of God, you have your fruit of sanctification, and the result of eternal life. For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord. 

Romans 7 [1.] Or don’t you know, brothers (for I speak to men who know the law), that the law has dominion over a man for as long as he lives?


  • The Wages of Sin:

The verse begins by addressing the consequences of sin—“For the wages of sin is death.” Here, sin is portrayed as a debt that incurs a just payment, and that payment is death. This death encompasses both physical death and, more significantly, spiritual separation from God. It reflects the biblical understanding that sin disrupts the harmonious relationship between humanity and its Creator.

  • The Free Gift of God:

The contrasting truth follows, illuminating the gracious nature of God's intervention—“but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.” In stark contrast to the wages of sin, eternal life is not something earned or deserved; rather, it is a gift freely given by God. This gift is not contingent on human merit but is rooted in the boundless grace and love of God.


The Gravity of Sin: The acknowledgment that sin leads to death underscores the gravity of the human predicament. It acknowledges the universal reality of sin's consequences and the need for redemption.

God's Grace: The mention of the free gift of eternal life emphasizes the central theme of God's grace. Salvation is not achieved through human effort but is a generous gift bestowed by a loving God. This aligns with the broader biblical narrative of God's redemptive plan for humanity.

In Christ Jesus our Lord: The source of this free gift is specified as being "in Christ Jesus our Lord." This points to the central role of Jesus Christ in the process of salvation. It underscores the unique and pivotal role that Christ plays as the mediator between God and humanity.

  • Personal Reflection:

Romans 6:23 invites personal reflection on the realities of sin and the transformative power of God's grace. It prompts individuals to consider the consequences of sin in their lives and to embrace the gift of eternal life offered through faith in Christ.

  • Universal Applicability:

While deeply rooted in Christian theology, the foundational truths in Romans 6:23 have resonated across cultural and theological boundaries. The themes of sin, death, and the gift of eternal life speak to the universal human condition and the quest for meaning and redemption.

Cross References:

Ephesians 2:8-9: "For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, that no one would boast." This parallel passage in Ephesians reinforces the concept that salvation is a result of God's grace and not human achievement.

John 3:16: "For God so loved the world, that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life." This well-known verse aligns with Romans 6:23, emphasizing God's love and the provision of eternal life through belief in Christ.

In Conclusion: Romans 6:23 encapsulates profound truths about the consequences of sin and the gracious gift of eternal life through Jesus Christ. It serves as a beacon of hope, inviting individuals to embrace the transformative power of God's grace and to find redemption and life in Christ.

See also: vs 20-22

PIB Scriptures are derived from the World English Bible


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