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Psalm 82:3-4 & meaning...


the weak, the poor, and the fatherless. Maintain the rights of the poor and oppressed. 4 Rescue the weak and needy. Deliver them out of the hand of the wicked.

Psalm 82:3-4


Psalm 82 [1.] God presides in the great assembly.

    He judges among the gods.

“How long will you judge unjustly,

    and show partiality to the wicked?”


“Defend the weak, the poor, and the fatherless.

    Maintain the rights of the poor and oppressed.

Rescue the weak and needy.

    Deliver them out of the hand of the wicked.”

Psalm 82 [5.] They don’t know, neither do they understand.

    They walk back and forth in darkness.

    All the foundations of the earth are shaken.

I said, “You are gods,

    all of you are sons of the Most High.

Nevertheless you shall die like men,

    and fall like one of the rulers.”

Arise, God, judge the earth,

    for you inherit all of the nations.


  • Defending the Vulnerable:

Defend the weak, the poor, and the fatherless: The psalmist issues a clarion call to defend those often on the fringes of society— the weak, the poor, and the fatherless. This is a mandate to actively stand in their defense, acknowledging their vulnerability.

  • Maintaining Rights and Justice:

Maintain the rights of the poor and oppressed: Beyond defense, the call extends to maintaining the rights of the marginalized. This emphasizes not just charity but the establishment of justice—ensuring that the poor and oppressed are treated fairly and equitably.

  • Rescuing and Delivering:

Rescue the weak and needy. Deliver them out of the hand of the wicked: The urgency intensifies, urging action to rescue and deliver those who are weak and in need. This vivid imagery portrays the vulnerable in the grip of the wicked, necessitating intervention and liberation.

  • Social Justice Mandate:

Psalm 82:3-4 articulates a timeless social justice mandate. It challenges believers to move beyond passive sympathy and actively engage in the defense, maintenance of rights, rescue, and deliverance of the vulnerable.

  • Divine Concern for the Marginalized:

These verses echo the broader theme found throughout the Bible, emphasizing God's special concern for the marginalized and oppressed. It aligns with the character of a just and compassionate God.

Relevance for Today:

  • Advocacy for the Marginalized:

In an era marked by societal disparities, Psalm 82:3-4 remains a poignant reminder for believers to actively advocate for the weak, the poor, and the oppressed. It challenges us to be vocal champions for justice.

  • Responsibility of Believers:

These verses emphasize that the responsibility for justice and compassion lies not only with governments or organizations but with individual believers. Each person is called to play a role in bringing about positive change.


Proverbs 14:31: "He who oppresses the poor shows contempt for their Maker, but whoever is kind to the needy honors God." This cross-reference underscores the divine connection between how we treat the poor and our reverence for God.

Isaiah 1:17: "Learn to do right; seek justice. Defend the oppressed. Take up the cause of the fatherless; plead the case of the widow." Isaiah amplifies the call to seek justice and actively defend the oppressed and the fatherless.

Micah 6:8: "He has shown you, O mortal, what is good. And what does the Lord require of you? To act justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with your God." Micah encapsulates the essence of God's requirements, emphasizing the intertwined nature of justice, mercy, and humility.

In Our Daily Lives: As we navigate our daily interactions and societal structures, Psalm 82:3-4 invites us to introspect. How are we actively defending the weak? Are we seeking justice and maintaining the rights of the oppressed? These verses propel us beyond empathy to tangible, compassionate action.

humanity - justice

PIB Scriptures are derived from the World English Bible


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