declare your name to my brothers. Among the assembly, I will praise you
Psalm 22 [20.] Deliver my soul from the sword,
my precious life from the power of the dog.
Save me from the lion’s mouth!
Yes, from the horns of the wild oxen, you have answered me.
I will declare your name to my brothers.
Among the assembly, I will praise you.
You who fear Yahweh, praise him!
All you descendants of Jacob, glorify him!
Stand in awe of him, all you descendants of Israel!
For he has not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted,
Neither has he hidden his face from him;
but when he cried to him, he heard.
Of you comes my praise in the great assembly.
I will pay my vows before those who fear him.
- Proclamation of God's Name:
Personal Commitment: The psalmist, in the first person, expresses a personal commitment to declare God's name. This goes beyond a mere acknowledgment; it signifies an active and intentional proclamation of the character, attributes, and glory of God.
Connection to Messianic Themes: This verse is often recognized as having Messianic implications, with Jesus, the ultimate Redeemer, fulfilling this declaration by proclaiming God's name to humanity during His earthly ministry.
- Communal Praise:
Among My Brothers: The inclusion of the phrase "to my brothers" emphasizes a communal dimension to the psalmist's declaration. The act of praising God is not solitary but communal, involving a shared worship experience among those connected in a familial or spiritual sense.
In the Congregation: The broader congregation signifies a collective gathering of worshippers. This communal aspect of praise reinforces the idea that the proclamation of God's name is not confined to individual expressions but is shared among a larger community of believers.
- Redemptive Context:
Psalm 22 as a Whole: To fully appreciate the significance of Psalm 22:22, it's crucial to consider the entire psalm. Psalm 22 is recognized for its prophetic elements that find fulfillment in the suffering and redemption accomplished by Jesus Christ. The earlier verses portray a vivid description of the Messiah's anguish and abandonment, making the subsequent declaration of praise and proclamation even more poignant.
Transition from Despair to Praise: The shift from the deep despair expressed in the earlier verses to the resounding praise in verse 22 reflects a redemptive narrative. The psalmist moves from a place of anguish and apparent abandonment to a position of declaring God's name in the midst of a worshiping community.
Intentional Proclamation: Psalm 22:22 encourages believers to be intentional in proclaiming the name of God. This involves not only personal acknowledgment but actively sharing and declaring the nature and glory of God to others.
Communal Worship: The communal aspect of this verse underscores the importance of shared worship experiences. Believers are prompted to actively participate in congregational praise, recognizing the power and significance of worshiping together as a spiritual family.
Hebrews 2:12: "saying, 'I will declare your name to my brothers. In the midst of the congregation, I will sing your praise.'" The author of Hebrews quotes Psalm 22:22, affirming its Messianic significance and linking it to Jesus' role as the one who declares God's name to His brothers.
John 20:17: "Jesus said to her, 'Don’t touch me, for I haven’t yet ascended to my Father; but go to my brothers and tell them, “I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.”'" In the post-resurrection encounter, Jesus refers to His disciples as "brothers," reinforcing the familial connection within the community of believers.
In conclusion, Psalm 22:22 serves as a powerful declaration of praise and proclamation within a redemptive context. Whether viewed in the historical context of the psalmist's experience or through the lens of Messianic fulfillment in Jesus Christ, this verse resonates with the themes of communal worship, intentional proclamation, and the transformative power of redemption.