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Isaiah 49:10 & meaning...

They shall not hunger nor thirst;

    neither shall the heat nor sun strike them:

    for he who has mercy on them will lead them.

    He will guide them by springs of water.

Isaiah 49:10


Yahweh says, “In an acceptable time I have answered you,

    and in a day of salvation I have helped you.

I will preserve you, and give you for a covenant of the people,

    to raise up the land, to make them inherit the desolate heritage:

saying to those who are bound, ‘Come out!’;

    to those who are in darkness, ‘Show yourselves!’

“They shall feed along the paths,

    and their pasture shall be on all treeless heights.

Isaiah 49 [10.] They shall not hunger nor thirst;

    neither shall the heat nor sun strike them:

    for he who has mercy on them will lead them.

    He will guide them by springs of water.

I will make all my mountains a road,

    and my highways shall be exalted.

Behold, these shall come from afar;

    and behold, these from the north and from the west;

    and these from the land of Sinim.”

Sing, heavens; and be joyful, earth;

    and break out into singing, mountains:

for Yahweh has comforted his people,

    and will have compassion on his afflicted.


This verse is a part of a larger passage in Isaiah that speaks of the restoration and comfort that God promises to His people. It offers a vision of divine provision and care, painting a picture of a future where God's people are fully sustained and protected. 

Servant Songs: Isaiah 49 is one of the "Servant Songs" that describe the mission and ministry of God's chosen servant. This servant is often understood as a prophetic representation of the Messiah, Jesus Christ.

Promise of Restoration: The chapter emphasizes God's promise to restore Israel, bringing them back from exile and providing for them abundantly.

  • Key Elements of the Verse:

No Hunger or Thirst: This imagery represents complete provision. God promises to meet all the needs of His people, both physical and spiritual.

Protection from Heat and Sun: These elements symbolize harmful and oppressive forces. God's protection ensures safety and comfort for His people.

Merciful Guidance: The phrase "he who has mercy on them will lead them" emphasizes God’s compassionate leadership. He guides His people tenderly and attentively.

Springs of Water: Water is a recurring biblical symbol for life, refreshment, and spiritual sustenance. God's guidance leads to places of renewal and abundance.

Theological Significance

  • God’s Comprehensive Care:

Provision and Sustenance: God's promise to eliminate hunger and thirst points to His role as the ultimate provider. He cares for both the physical and spiritual needs of His people.

Protection and Comfort: The assurance that neither heat nor sun will strike them highlights God’s protective presence, shielding His people from harm.

  • Merciful Leadership:

Compassionate Guidance: God's guidance is rooted in His mercy. He leads not out of obligation but out of a deep, compassionate love for His people.

Living Water: The reference to springs of water echoes themes of spiritual renewal and eternal life found throughout Scripture. Jesus speaks of this in John 4:14, where He offers "living water" that becomes a "spring of water welling up to eternal life."

Applications for Our Lives

  • Trusting in God’s Provision:

Depend on God: In times of need, trust that God will provide. He is aware of your physical and spiritual needs and promises to meet them.

Gratitude for His Provision: Cultivate a heart of gratitude for the ways God sustains you. Recognize His provision in both small and significant ways.

  • Seeking God’s Protection:

Pray for Protection: Seek God’s protection in your daily life. Ask Him to guard you from harmful influences and to provide a safe path.

Rest in His Care: Find comfort in knowing that God is actively protecting you. His presence offers a shield against life’s harshness.

  • Following God’s Guidance:

Listen for His Leading: Be attentive to God’s guidance in your life. Spend time in prayer and Scripture, seeking His direction.

Embrace His Mercy: Remember that God’s guidance is an expression of His mercy. Trust in His compassionate leadership, knowing He leads you to places of renewal and abundance.


Psalm 23:1-3: "The LORD is my shepherd; I shall lack nothing. He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters. He restores my soul. He guides me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake." These verses from Psalm 23 align with the themes of provision, protection, and guidance found in Isaiah 49:10.

Revelation 7:16-17: "They will never be hungry, neither thirsty any more; neither will the sun beat on them, nor any heat; for the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne shepherds them, and leads them to springs of life-giving waters. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes." This passage in Revelation echoes Isaiah 49:10, pointing to the ultimate fulfillment of God’s promises in the new creation.

John 7:37-38: "Now on the last and greatest day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, 'If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink! He who believes in me, as the Scripture has said, from within him will flow rivers of living water.'" Jesus’ invitation to come to Him for living water ties directly to the promise of divine sustenance and spiritual renewal.

Conclusion: Isaiah 49:10 beautifully encapsulates God’s promises of provision, protection, and guidance for His people. It portrays a vision of a future where God’s compassionate care ensures that His people will never hunger or thirst, where they are protected from harm, and where they are guided to places of refreshment and renewal.

For us today, this verse is a powerful reminder of God’s unwavering commitment to our well-being. We can trust in His provision, rest in His protection, and follow His merciful guidance, knowing that He leads us with a loving and compassionate heart. As we embrace these truths, we are encouraged to depend on God’s sustenance, seek His protection, and be attentive to His guiding hand in our lives.

PIB Scriptures are derived from the World English Bible


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