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Exodus 20:13 meaning...

In this concise and profound commandment from the Ten Commandments, found in the book of Exodus, we encounter a fundamental principle that speaks to the sanctity of human life and the importance of ethical conduct. 

  • Preservation of Life:

At the heart of Exodus 20:13 lies a resounding declaration of the value and sanctity of human life. The commandment is unequivocal: "You shall not murder." This directive underscores the sacred nature of life and the imperative to uphold and protect it. It is a reminder that life is a precious gift from God and that we are called to honor and safeguard it.

  • A Call to Love and Respect:

The commandment to not murder extends beyond the physical act itself. It encompasses the broader concepts of love and respect for one another. Jesus elaborated on this principle in His teachings, emphasizing that even harboring hatred or contemptuous thoughts toward others is contrary to the spirit of this commandment (Matthew 5:21-22). The prohibition against murder encourages us to treat one another with empathy, understanding, and compassion.

  • Promotion of Justice and Peace:

By forbidding murder, this commandment lays the foundation for justice and peace within societies. It condemns violence, conflict, and aggression that threaten the well-being of individuals and communities. It prompts us to seek peaceful resolutions to conflicts and disputes, promoting harmony and cooperation among people.

  • The Image of God:

Exodus 20:13 reflects the concept that human beings are created in the image of God (Genesis 1:27). This divine imprint upon humanity confers inherent worth and dignity to every individual. When one person's life is unjustly taken, it is a violation of the divine image that resides within them. This commandment serves as a reminder that human life is sacred and deserving of respect.

  • Protection of the Vulnerable:

The prohibition against murder also serves as a shield for the vulnerable—the marginalized, the defenseless, and those who might be targeted due to their circumstances. It calls for the protection of those who cannot protect themselves and advocates for the rights and dignity of all individuals, regardless of their station in life.

  • The Message of Jesus:

Jesus affirmed the importance of the commandment against murder and extended its meaning to encompass attitudes and emotions. In Matthew 5:21-22, He taught that even harboring anger or contempt toward another person can lead to a breach of this commandment. His teachings highlight the transformative power of love, forgiveness, and reconciliation.


As we contemplate Exodus 20:13, may we embrace the deep moral and ethical significance of this commandment. It challenges us to cultivate a reverence for life, to practice love and empathy in our interactions, and to work toward a world where the sanctity of human life is upheld and cherished. Ultimately, this commandment points us toward a path of righteousness, justice, and compassion—one that honors the sacredness of the lives entrusted to us.

See also: vs 12


Exodus 20:13. You shall not murder.