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Proverbs 21:31 & meaning...


horse is prepared for the day of battle; but victory is with Yahweh.

Proverbs 21:31


A wicked man hardens his face;

    but as for the upright, he establishes his ways.

Proverbs 21 [30.] There is no wisdom nor understanding

    nor counsel against Yahweh.

The horse is prepared for the day of battle;

    but victory is with Yahweh. 

Proverbs 22 [1.] A good name is more desirable than great riches,

    and loving favor is better than silver and gold.


  • Preparation and Victory:

The opening imagery of the verse depicts the preparation for battle—a horse being readied for the impending conflict. This image resonates with the idea of human effort, strategy, and preparation. However, the crux of the wisdom lies in the latter part of the verse, where it asserts that victory ultimately belongs to Yahweh.

  • Recognition of Divine Sovereignty:

The verse underscores the fundamental principle of recognizing divine sovereignty in the outcomes of human endeavors. While human preparation and effort are acknowledged, the ultimate determination of victory is attributed to Yahweh. This recognition is rooted in an understanding of God's overarching control and authority over the affairs of the world.

  • Significance:

Humility and Dependence: Proverbs 21:31 encourages humility and dependence on God. No matter how diligently humans prepare and strategize, success is contingent upon acknowledging and relying on the divine hand that governs the course of events.

Guard Against Arrogance: The verse serves as a guard against human arrogance and self-reliance. It cautions against placing undue confidence in human strength and capabilities without acknowledging the divine factor that shapes the outcomes.

Balancing Human Action and Divine Intervention: While the verse emphasizes God's role in securing victory, it does not negate the importance of human preparation. It encourages a balanced perspective that acknowledges both human responsibility and divine intervention.

Practical Application:

Leadership and Decision-Making: Proverbs 21:31 has practical applications in areas of leadership and decision-making. It prompts leaders to approach their plans and strategies with a sense of dependence on God, recognizing that success ultimately rests in His hands.

Coping with Uncertainty: In times of uncertainty and challenge, the verse offers solace. It reminds individuals that, despite their best efforts, the ultimate outcome is not solely within their control. This can bring comfort and assurance amid life's uncertainties.

Proverbs 21:31 invites personal reflection on the areas in life where we may lean too heavily on our own understanding and efforts. It prompts individuals to consider how they can cultivate a spirit of dependence on God in their pursuits and plans.

Cross References:

Psalm 20:7: "Some trust in chariots, and some in horses, but we trust the name of Yahweh our God." This parallel passage echoes the sentiment of recognizing divine trust over human strength.

1 Samuel 17:47: "And all this assembly shall know that Yahweh doesn’t save with sword and spear: for the battle is Yahweh’s, and he will give you into our hand." This reference from the story of David and Goliath exemplifies the principle that victory is ultimately determined by Yahweh.

In Conclusion: Proverbs 21:31 imparts a profound perspective on victory, urging us to acknowledge the role of divine intervention in the outcomes of our endeavors. It fosters humility, dependence on God, and a balanced approach that values human preparation while recognizing that ultimate victory rests in the hands of Yahweh.

PIB Scriptures are derived from the World English Bible


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