In this passage, Jesus is speaking to Nicodemus about the need for spiritual rebirth. He tells Nicodemus that unless a person is "born again," they cannot see or enter the kingdom of God. Nicodemus is confused by this statement and asks how it is possible for someone to be born again. Jesus then explains that being born again means being born "of water and the Spirit."
The phrase "born of water and the Spirit" has been interpreted in a number of ways by scholars and theologians. Some interpret it as a reference to baptism, which is seen as a symbol of both physical and spiritual cleansing. Others interpret it as a reference to the work of the Holy Spirit, who brings new life and regeneration to believers.
In addition to emphasizing the need for spiritual rebirth, John 3:3-6 also contrasts the difference between physical birth and spiritual birth. Jesus tells Nicodemus that flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit. This suggests that while physical birth is necessary for our existence in this world, spiritual birth is necessary for our eternal life in the kingdom of God.
Furthermore, the phrase "born again" has become a well-known and often-used term in Christian circles, referring to the experience of conversion or the moment when a person puts their faith in Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior. It has been used to describe the radical change that takes place in a person's life when they become a follower of Jesus, as they are transformed by the power of the Holy Spirit.
Overall, John 3:3-6 is a powerful passage that speaks to the transformative power of the Gospel and the need for spiritual rebirth. It emphasizes the centrality of faith in Jesus Christ and the work of the Holy Spirit in our lives, and it challenges us to examine our hearts and lives in light of the Gospel message. It is a call to repentance, a reminder of God's amazing grace, and a challenge to live our lives in a way that honors and glorifies God.
John 3:3-6. Jesus answered him, “Most certainly, I tell you, unless one is born anew, he can’t see God’s Kingdom.” Nicodemus said to him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb, and be born?” Jesus answered, “Most certainly I tell you, unless one is born of water and spirit, he can’t enter into God’s Kingdom! That which is born of the flesh is flesh. That which is born of the Spirit is spirit.”