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Isaiah 5:1-7 & meaning...


the vineyard of Yahweh of Armies is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for justice, but, behold, oppression; for righteousness, but, behold, a cry of distress.

Isaiah 5:7


Isaiah 4 [2.] In that day, Yahweh’s branch will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land will be the beauty and glory of the survivors of Israel. It will happen, that he who is left in Zion, and he who remains in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even everyone who is written among the living in Jerusalem; when the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from within it, by the spirit of justice, and by the spirit of burning. Yahweh will create over the whole habitation of Mount Zion, and over her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night; for over all the glory will be a canopy. There will be a pavilion for a shade in the daytime from the heat, and for a refuge and for a shelter from storm and from rain.

Isaiah 5 [1.] Let me sing for my well beloved a song of my beloved about his vineyard.

    My beloved had a vineyard on a very fruitful hill.

He dug it up,

    gathered out its stones,

    planted it with the choicest vine,

    built a tower in the middle of it,

    and also cut out a wine press therein.

He looked for it to yield grapes,

    but it yielded wild grapes.

“Now, inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of Judah,

    please judge between me and my vineyard.

What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it?

    Why, when I looked for it to yield grapes, did it yield wild grapes?

Isaiah 5 [5.] Now I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard.

    I will take away its hedge, and it will be eaten up.

    I will break down its wall of it, and it will be trampled down.

I will lay it a wasteland.

    It won’t be pruned nor hoed,

    but it will grow briers and thorns.

    I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain on it.”

For the vineyard of Yahweh of Armies is the house of Israel,

    and the men of Judah his pleasant plant:

    and he looked for justice, but, behold, oppression;

    for righteousness, but, behold, a cry of distress.

Woe to those who join house to house,

    who lay field to field, until there is no room,

    and you are made to dwell alone in the middle of the land!

In my ears, Yahweh of Armies says: “Surely many houses will be desolate,

    even great and beautiful, unoccupied.


This passage begins with a tender description of God's care and investment in His vineyard, symbolizing Israel, whom He chose and nurtured with great care. The imagery evokes the meticulous attention given to cultivating a fruitful vineyard, including the selection of the choicest vine and the construction of protective measures such as a hedge and a tower.

However, despite God's efforts, the vineyard produces wild grapes instead of the expected choice fruit. This symbolizes Israel's failure to produce the righteous deeds and obedience that God desired. In response to this disappointment, God pronounces judgment upon the vineyard, symbolizing the impending consequences of Israel's disobedience.

The significance of Isaiah 5:1-7 lies in its depiction of God's relationship with His people and His expectations for them. It highlights God's faithfulness and provision, as well as His righteous judgment in response to disobedience. The parable serves as a warning to Israel of the consequences of their unfaithfulness and a call to repentance and renewal.

Cross-referencing with other passages in Scripture, we find similar warnings of judgment against unfaithfulness and disobedience. In Jeremiah 2:21, the prophet laments, "Yet I had planted you a noble vine, a pure and faithful seed. How then have you turned degenerate and become a wild vine?" Similarly, in Matthew 21:33-46, Jesus tells a parable of the wicked tenants, which echoes the themes of the Song of the Vineyard.

Furthermore, the imagery of the vineyard is used throughout Scripture to symbolize God's people and His covenant relationship with them. In John 15:1-8, Jesus describes Himself as the true vine, and His followers as the branches. This imagery emphasizes the importance of remaining connected to Christ and bearing fruit in accordance with His will.

As we reflect on Isaiah 5:1-7, we are reminded of God's desire for His people to bear fruit that reflects His character and righteousness. We are called to examine our own lives and to consider whether we are producing the fruits of obedience, love, and justice that God desires. Moreover, we are challenged to heed the warnings of Scripture and to turn away from sin and disobedience, seeking instead to live in alignment with God's will.

In conclusion, Isaiah 5:1-7 offers a powerful and timeless message about God's expectations for His people and the consequences of disobedience. It serves as a sobering reminder of the importance of faithfulness and obedience in our relationship with God, as well as the reality of divine judgment for unrepentant sin. May we heed the lessons of this passage and strive to bear fruit that honors and glorifies God in all that we do.

PIB Scriptures are derived from the World English Bible


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