Context / meaning
Hebrews 12 [1.] Therefore let us also, seeing we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, lay aside every weight and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, looking to Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising its shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God. For consider him who has endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, that you don’t grow weary, fainting in your souls. You have not yet resisted to blood, striving against sin; and you have forgotten the exhortation which reasons with you as with children,
“My son, don’t take lightly the chastening of the Lord,
nor faint when you are reproved by him;
For whom the Lord loves, he chastens,
and scourges every son whom he receives.”[a]
Hebrews 12 [7.] It is for discipline that you endure. God deals with you as with children, for what son is there whom his father doesn’t discipline? But if you are without discipline, of which all have been made partakers, then are you illegitimate, and not children. Furthermore, we had the fathers of our flesh to chasten us, and we paid them respect. Shall we not much rather be in subjection to the Father of spirits, and live?
Hebrews 12 [10.] For they indeed, for a few days, punished us as seemed good to them; but he for our profit, that we may be partakers of his holiness. All chastening seems for the present to be not joyous but grievous; yet afterward it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness to those who have been exercised thereby. Therefore lift up the hands that hang down and the feeble knees, [b] and make straight paths for your feet,[c] so that which is lame may not be dislocated, but rather be healed.
Hebrews 12 [14.] Follow after peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no man will see the Lord, looking carefully lest there be any man who falls short of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and many be defiled by it; lest there be any sexually immoral person, or profane person, like Esau, who sold his birthright for one meal. For you know that even when he afterward desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for a change of mind though he sought it diligently with tears. For you have not come to a mountain that might be touched, and that burned with fire, and to blackness, darkness, storm, the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which those who heard it begged that not one more word should be spoken to them, for they could not stand that which was commanded, “If even an animal touches the mountain, it shall be stoned”[d];[e] and so fearful was the appearance that Moses said, “I am terrified and trembling.”[f]
Hebrews 12 [22.] But you have come to Mount Zion, and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable multitudes of angels, to the general assembly and assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant,[g] and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better than that of Abel.
a. Hebrews 12:6 Proverbs 3:11-12.
b. Hebrews 12:12 Isaiah 35:3.
c. Hebrews 12:13 Proverbs 4:26.
d. Hebrews 12:20 TR adds “or shot with an arrow”.
e. Hebrews 12:20 Exodus 19:12-13.
f. Hebrews 12:21 Deuteronomy 9:19.
g. Hebrews 12:24 Jeremiah 31:31.