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Esther 3:5 meaning...

This describes a significant event in the book of Esther, where Haman, an official in the Persian empire, becomes filled with anger and seeks to destroy all the Jews in the kingdom. In this verse, Haman, an ambitious and prideful man, becomes infuriated when Mordecai, a Jewish man and a servant in the king's gate, refuses to bow down and pay homage to him. Haman's ego is wounded, and he seeks to take revenge on Mordecai and all the Jewish people because of this perceived slight to his authority.

Applying this aspect of the verse to our lives, we are reminded of the dangers of pride and the destructive consequences it can have. Haman's reaction to Mordecai's refusal to bow down is a reflection of his inflated ego and his desire for power and control over others. This kind of pride can blind us to the needs and well-being of others and lead us to act in harmful and unloving ways.


The theme of pride and its negative consequences is recurrent throughout the Bible. In Proverbs 16:18, it says, "Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall."

Applying this passage to our understanding of Esther 3:5, we are called to guard against pride in our own lives and to humble ourselves before God and others. Humility allows us to show genuine love and respect to those around us, even when they may not meet our expectations.

Esther 3:6 continues the account: "But he scorned the thought of laying hands on Mordecai alone, for they had made known to him Mordecai’s people. Therefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews who were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even Mordecai’s people, the Jews."

In this verse, we see that Haman's anger towards Mordecai extends to all the Jews in the kingdom. He decides to use his position and influence to convince King Ahasuerus to issue a decree for the annihilation of the Jewish people.

Applying this aspect of the verse to our lives, we are confronted with the reality of how unchecked anger and hatred can lead to harmful actions with far-reaching consequences. Haman's willingness to destroy an entire group of people based on his personal offense is a stark reminder of how prejudice and discrimination can take root in our hearts and lead to injustice.


The theme of love and treating others with respect is emphasized throughout the Bible. In Galatians 5:14, it says, "For the whole law is fulfilled in one word: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'"

Applying this passage to our understanding of Esther 3:6, we are called to love and value all people, recognizing that we are all created in the image of God. We must guard against hatred and prejudice, seeking instead to promote unity and understanding among diverse groups of people.

Esther 3:7-9 elaborates on Haman's plan: "In the first month, which is the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of King Ahasuerus, they cast pur (that is, the lot), before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, and chose the twelfth month, which is the month Adar. Haman said to King Ahasuerus, 'There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom, and their laws are different from other people’s. They don’t keep the king’s laws. Therefore, it is not for the king’s profit to allow them to remain."

In these verses, Haman convinces King Ahasuerus to issue a decree that would authorize the destruction of the Jews on a specific day chosen by the casting of lots (pur). Haman portrays the Jewish people as a threat to the stability of the kingdom, suggesting that they do not obey the king's laws and should be eliminated for the sake of the kingdom's profit.

Applying this aspect of the verse to our lives, we are reminded of the danger of manipulation and deceit. Haman uses cunning tactics to sway the king's opinion and advance his evil agenda. Such deceitful behavior can cause great harm and suffering to innocent people.


The theme of honesty and integrity is emphasized throughout the Bible. In Proverbs 11:3, it says, "The integrity of the upright shall guide them, but the perverseness of the treacherous shall destroy them."

Applying this passage to our understanding of Esther 3:7-9, we are called to live with honesty and integrity in our interactions with others. We must resist the temptation to deceive or manipulate for personal gain and instead pursue truth and righteousness in all our dealings.

In conclusion, Esther 3:5 highlights the dangers of pride and its potential to lead to harmful actions. It serves as a warning against prejudice, hatred, and deceit. Instead, we are called to embrace humility, love, and integrity in our relationships with others. The story of Esther ultimately reveals God's providential protection and deliverance of His people, despite the evil intentions of Haman. As we apply the lessons from this passage to our lives, may we seek to honor God in all we do and show love and respect to all people, treating them as valuable and cherished in God's eyes.


Esther 3:5. When Haman saw that Mordecai didn’t bow down, nor pay him homage, Haman was full of wrath.