The apostle Paul is speaking about the power and authority that God the Father has given to Jesus Christ. After raising Jesus from the dead, God seated him at his right hand in heaven, which is a symbol of honor and power in the ancient world.
Paul emphasizes the superiority of Jesus Christ over all other powers and authorities, both in this present age and in the age to come. He is far above all rule, authority, power, and every name that is invoked, and this power and authority are demonstrated in his resurrection from the dead.
These verses highlight the importance of Jesus Christ in our salvation and the centrality of his work in bringing about God's plan for the world. They also emphasize the reality of the spiritual realm and the reality of the power and authority of Jesus Christ, who is the Lord of all things.
In the context of the book of Ephesians, these verses are part of a larger argument that Paul is making about the spiritual blessings that are available to believers in Christ. He emphasizes that through faith in Jesus, we have access to all of the spiritual blessings that God has for us, including forgiveness of sin, adoption as children of God, and the gift of the Holy Spirit.
These verses also have important implications for our understanding of the nature of Jesus Christ. By raising him from the dead and seating him at his right hand in heaven, God the Father has given him a position of honor and power that is far above all other powers and authorities. This means that Jesus is not just a great teacher or a good example, but he is the Lord of all creation and the ruler of the universe.
In addition, these verses also have important implications for our understanding of the spiritual realm. They remind us that there is a reality beyond what we can see with our physical eyes, and that this spiritual realm is just as real and just as powerful as the physical world. They also remind us that Jesus Christ is seated at the right hand of God, which means that he is interceding for us and ruling over all things on our behalf.
Overall, it is a powerful reminder of the centrality of Jesus Christ in our lives and the world. It highlights the importance of his work on the cross and his authority over all things, and it encourages us to put our trust in him as our Lord and Savior.
Ephesians 1:20-21. He raised him from the dead, and made him to sit at his right hand in the heavenly places, far above all rule, and authority, and power, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in that which is to come.