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Acts 2:34-38 meaning...

This passage captures Peter's powerful sermon on the day of Pentecost. In this passage, Peter boldly declares the lordship of Jesus Christ and calls the people to repentance and baptism. 

  • Jesus as Lord and Christ: 
Peter starts by addressing the people's misconception about David's ascension to heaven. He quotes from Psalm 110:1 to highlight that David was referring to the Messiah, Jesus, who would sit at the right hand of God. Peter proclaims Jesus as both Lord and Christ, emphasizing His divine authority and fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies.

  • Conviction and Response: 
Upon hearing Peter's words, the people are deeply convicted. They realize their complicity in the crucifixion of Jesus, and their hearts are pierced with remorse. They ask Peter and the other apostles what they should do in response to this revelation.

  • Repentance and Baptism: 
Peter delivers a clear response, urging the people to repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins. Repentance involves a genuine turning away from sin, a change of heart and mind, and a wholehearted commitment to follow Jesus. Baptism symbolizes the outward expression of their faith and identification with Christ's death, burial, and resurrection.

  • The Gift of the Holy Spirit: 
Peter assures the people that upon repentance and baptism, they will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is given to believers as a Helper, Comforter, and Empowerer, enabling them to live a transformed life and empowering them for service in God's kingdom.

The theological significance of Acts 2:34-38 lies in its proclamation of Jesus as Lord and Christ, the call to repentance and baptism, and the promise of the gift of the Holy Spirit.

These verses remind us of the essential elements of salvation: acknowledging Jesus as Lord and Christ, repenting of our sins, being baptized, and receiving the indwelling of the Holy Spirit.


Practically, Acts 2:34-38 challenges us to examine our own response to the lordship of Jesus Christ. It prompts us to consider if we have truly repented of our sins and made a personal commitment to follow Him. It calls us to express our faith through baptism and to experience the empowering presence of the Holy Spirit in our lives.

Furthermore, this passage invites us to embrace the truth that Jesus is the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies and the rightful Lord over our lives. It encourages us to turn away from sin and surrender to His lordship, experiencing the forgiveness and transformation that come through faith in Him.

In our daily lives, Acts 2:34-38 prompts us to continuously examine our hearts, repent of any sins or areas of rebellion, and renew our commitment to follow Jesus. It challenges us to embrace the gift of the Holy Spirit and allow His guidance and empowerment to shape our thoughts, words, and actions.


In conclusion, Acts 2:34-38 captures Peter's powerful sermon on the day of Pentecost, proclaiming Jesus as Lord and Christ. It calls us to repentance, baptism, and the reception of the Holy Spirit. May we respond to this invitation with humble hearts, embracing Jesus as our Lord, repenting of our sins, and experiencing the transformative power of the Holy Spirit in our lives.

See also: vs 38


Acts 2:34-38. The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit by my right hand, until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’ Let all the house of Israel therefore know certainly that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified. Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?” Peter said to them, “Repent, and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.”