In this passage, Peter is exhorting his readers to respond to mistreatment and insult with blessings rather than with retaliation. This is not a new teaching, but rather a continuation of the biblical principle of loving one's enemies and turning the other cheek.
The first sentence of the passage emphasizes the importance of not returning evil for evil or insult for insult. Instead, believers are called to respond with blessings. This is a challenging command, especially in a culture that values retaliation and revenge. However, as Christians, we are called to live by a different standard - one that reflects the love and mercy of God.
Peter goes on to explain that this is not only the right thing to do, but it is also in our best interest. By responding to evil with blessing, we inherit a blessing ourselves. This is a reminder that God is the ultimate judge and that we can trust him to take care of us when we are mistreated.
The passage then quotes from Psalm 34:12-16, which gives practical advice for those who want to "love life and see good days." The Psalm instructs us to guard our speech, avoid deceit, and turn away from evil. Instead, we are to do good and pursue peace.
By quoting this Psalm, Peter is showing his readers that this principle of responding to evil with good is not a new idea. It has been part of God's plan from the beginning. Furthermore, this passage is a call to action. It is not enough to simply avoid doing evil. We must also actively seek to do good and pursue peace.
Overall, 1 Peter 3:9-11 is a call to respond to mistreatment and insult with blessings, rather than with retaliation. It is a reminder that we are called to live by a different standard than the world, and that our ultimate hope is in the blessings of God.
See also: vs 8
1 Peter 3:9-11. He who would love life, and see good days, let him keep his tongue from evil, and his lips from speaking deceit. Let him turn away from evil, and do good. Let him seek peace, and pursue it.